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’Ákǫ́ǫ́ shił díí’ash.

there 1-with 2sg-go.du.F
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You will go there with me.

’Ííshją́ díí ’atoo’ béésh bii’ kǫ’í bikáá’ dah séką́.

don’t forget this stew stove 3-top up 1-put.P.OC
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Don’t forget that I put the stew on the stove. (YM 1987:482)

-’ąą

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beyond, on the other side, in addition to

-ą́ą́h

-ch’ą́ą́h

-di

at a general location or point in space or time

-dóó

from a specific location or point in space or time

-gi

-góó

to, toward, along, on, with a numeral it indicates a date

-ii’, yi’

inside of, within, at the interior of a solid object

-iih

-ił

-ídin

-íighah

-jí

on the side of, in the direction of, in the manner of

-jí + -k’ehgo

-k’e

-k’eh

-k’eh + -jí

in a language e.g. diné k’ehjí ’in Navajo’

-k’í

-kéé’

-lááh

-na’

beside, at one’s side, in place of, waiting for

-naashii

-nah

-nánii

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on a slope, on the edge

-niinaa

-niiyé

-t’ah

in a recess, pocket or enclosed space, undercover

-tah, -taa-, -ta-

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among, mixing; accompaniment;

-tis

-ts’ą́ą́’, -ts’á

-tsąąh

-tł’ááh

-yaa

Adą́ą́dą́ą́’ shá bíighah ’atah ’adishdiłgo ’i’íí’ą́.

yesterday 1-for 3-passing down 1-play.stick.dice.RI evening
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I spent the day yesterday taking part in a stick dice game.

Adą́ą́dą́ą́’ shichidí tsé bik’ą́ą́h yíłbą́ą́z.

yesterday 1-car rock 3-against 3-run.P
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I ran my car against a rock yesterday. (YM 1987:770)

Ałk’ésdisí naháłnii’go sitsilí dóó shideezhí ’aheełt’éego bá ’ahá níjaa’.

candy 3-1-buy.CI-GO 1-little.brother and 1-little.sister 3-1 split-GO.I 3-for 3-1 gave.I
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I divided the candy I bought equally between my little brother and sister.

Béésh bii’ kǫ’í ná ch’ídeesh’ááł.

metal 3-in fire 2-for out 3-1-carry.F
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I will carry the stove out for you. (YM 1987:293)

Bilagáana ła’ níhit’ááh dookah jiní.

Anglo some 1Pl-close.to 3-go.Pl.F 4-say.NI
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It is said that some white people will move in with us. (YM 1987:251)

Ch’é’étiingóó naanéhígíí shił bééhózin.

entrance-along 3-play.I-COMP 1-with 3-know.NI
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I know that he is playing by the entrance.

Ch’ééh jiyáán hooghangóó dah dii’ągo shee nikihoníłt.

watermelon home-toward up 3-1-move.SRO.P 1-with area-start-rain.P
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When I set out for home with the melon it started to rain on me. (YM 1987:346)

Ch’iyaan bá hooghandi béeso bideená naashnish.

food.store-at money 3-in-exchange.for 1-work.CI
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I work at the food store for money.

Chidí naa’na’í ’ayóo bídin nishłį́.

tractor really 3-without 1-be.NI
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I really want a tractor. (YM 1987:661)

Chidí naat’a’í nihił dah diit’a’.

airplane 1dpl-with up 3-fly.P
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The plane took off with us.

Da’ Cubadę́ę́’ tsinaa’eeł nił ní’éél?

Q Cuba-from boat 2-with 3-float.P
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Did you come from Cuba by boat?

Damóo yę́ędą́ą́’ dziłghą́ą́’dę́ę́’ shádí dóó ba’áłchíní bił ’adaashkai.

sunday past-time mountain top.of-from 1-elder.sister and 3-children 3-with downward-1-go.Pl.P
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Last Sunday I accompanied my older sister and her family down from the mountaintop. (YM 1987:11)

Dibé doo deeghánígóó ’ałkéé’ ’adíítąądgo hooghanjį’ náákah.

sheep neg long.distance-neg-GO following.behind 3-in.a.line.NP-GO home-up.to return.go.I
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The sheep were strung out a long ways, one behind the other, as they headed home. (YM 1987:33)

Dibé yázhí ła’ yóó’ ’ííyáá ńt’éé’ tsiyi’di bik’íníyá.

lamb one away 3-go.P past forest-at 3-find.it.P
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A lamb got lost but I found it in the woods. (YM 1987:740)

Díí ’ashkii Bilagáana bizaad shá bíbiyiił’aah.

this boy English 3-language 3-2-teach.I
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Teach this boy English for me. (YM 1987:170)

Dził bit’ááhgi bįįh halzheeh.

Mountain 3-close.to-at deer 3-3-hunting.CI
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He’s deer hunting over near the mountain. (YM 1987g:33)

Haidą́ą́’ ’a’áán góne’ naashnish ńt’éé’ --- doo shił yá’áhoot’éeh da.

winter-past mine.shaft 1-work.I past neg 1-with 3-good.N neg
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I worked in the mine (shaft) last year and I didn’t like it. (YM 1987:84)

Hatáálgóó déyáago shikélchí t’óó tsxį́į́łgo bił ’ada’shéshiizhgo ńdaséłkad.

ceremony-1-go-Fut-GO 1-moccasin merelyhurry.GO 3-with 3-1-pierce-GO 3-1-sew-P
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Since I was going to a ceremony, I hurriedly pierced holes in my moccasins and sewed them. (YM 1987g:10)

Jake ’ólta’ bił bóhoneedzą́.

Jake education 3-with 3-possible.NI
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Education is possible for Jake.

K’adę́ę ’ałné’e’áahgo díchin bik’ee shitah ’anahodí’niitłi’.

now noon hunger 3-account 1-among 1-shake.R
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When it is nearly noon, I get shaky from hunger. (YM 1987:71)

Mary bimá sání yá ’ata’ halne’.

Mary 3-grandmother 3-for indef-between 3-talk.DI
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Mary is translating for her grandmother.

Mary łį́į́’ bił yá’át’ééh.

Mary horse 3-with 3-good.NI

Mósí yázhí bímá yits’ą́ą́’ yóó’ííyá.

kitten 2-mother 3-from away-3-go.P
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The kitten got lost from its mother.

Mósí yázhí chizhtah yiyah yilwod.

kitten woodpile.among 3-under 3-run.P
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The kitten ran under the woodpile.

Naashnéego jooł báátis yímááz.

1-play-go.CI ball over 3-roll.P
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As I was playing I rolled over the ball. (YM 1987:771)

Ndáa’di shizhé’é diné ła’ yił ’ahi’niighą́ąhgo bita’ niséya.

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When a man started fighting them with my father at the War Dance, I got in between. (YM 1987:59)

Nédáá dóó bikáá’adání bik’i ndinís’eez.

1-sit and table 3-on 1-place-1-foot.P
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I sat down and put my feet on the table. (YM 1987:608)

Nihá naazíinii bił neikai.

our leaders 3-with 3pl-1pl-go.P
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We are with our representatives.

Níká ’adeeshwoł biniiyé níyá.

2-for 1-run.F 3-purpose.of 1-came.P
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I came to help you. (YM 1987g:32)

Ólta’di ndeii’néego ’ashkii ła’ kin bizánághahdę́ę́’ shich’į’ ch’élwodgo bił ’ahídégoh.

school-at 1pl-play.I-GO boy some building-3-around-from 1-to out-3-run.P-GO 3-with 3-1-collide.P
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When we were playing at school a boy came running at me around the corner of the building and I collided with him. (YM 1987:57)

Shá hooł’aah.

1-for areal-2 move-over.I

Sháahsita’gi yihę́ęsgo tsin-ts’ósí bee yích’id.

1-point.between.shoulder.blades 3-itch.I-GO stick 3-with 3-1-scratch.P
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When I got an itch between my shoulder blades, I scratched it with a stick. (YM 1987:1)

Shichá si’ą́ągo ’iiłhaazh.

1-huddle 3-put-SPN-GO 1-sleep.P
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I went to sleep huddled up into a ball. (YM 1987g:29)

Shideezhí dóó sítsílí bidááh sézį́.

1-younger.sister and 1-younger.brother 2-in.front.of 1-stand.SPN
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I guard my younger sister and younger brother.

Shighan bich’ą́ą́h łeeshch’ih désas.

1-hogan 3-protect ashes 3-1-strew.P
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I strewed ashes to protect my hogan. (YM 1987:332)

Shighan bíighahgi yas biyi’dę́ę́’ tsé hahíí’ą́.

3-house 3-inside of snow 3-inside-from rock 3-stick.out.NP
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A rock sticks out of the snow beside my home. (YM 1987:395)

Shighandóó ndáá’góó ’ada’iisdee’go nihí ’éí t’áá yiike’.

1-home-from war.ceremony-to 3-go.away.P we.du.pl TOP just 1du-remain.behind.P
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When everyone from my home went away to attend the Squaw Dance, we stayed behind. (YM 1987:10)

Shighanídóó ’e’e’aah bich’ijígo shádí bighan.

1-home-from west 3-in.the.direction.of older.sister 3-dwell.N
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My sister’s place is westward from mine. (YM 1987:171)

Shilééch’ąą’í bits’ąą ńdínésht’į́į́’.

1-dog 3-away.from 1-hide.P
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I hid from my dog. (YM 1987:257)

Shilééchąą’í bikéé’ yishááł.

my.dog 3-following 1-go.Prog
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I’m walking along behind (following) my dog. (YM 1987:199)

Shilééchąą yázhi shikéé’ yildlosh ńt’éé’ hashtł’ish yiih yildloozh.

1-dog little 1-behind 3-walk.Prog past mud 3-into 3-walk.P
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My puppy went into the mud as he trotted along behind me. (YM 1987:761)

Shimá sání Mary níigo yee ’ádójí.

1-grandmother Mary 3-say.I-GO 3-by reflexive-3-call.NI
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My grandmother calls herself Mary. (YM 1987:29)

Shizhe’é nihwiiłdlaadgo bikéé’ naad’ ’adaashjaah łeh.

1-father 3-3-plow.I-GO 3-behind corn 3Pl-1-drop.I Cust.
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As my father plows it is my custom to follow along behind and drop the corn kernels. (YM 1987:11)

Shiłééchąą’i yázhí táa’go tsásk’eh yiyaa ’ahííjéé’.

1-dog small three-comp bed 3-under 3-lie.pl.NP
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My three puppies are lying with part of their bodies extending under the bed. (YM 1987:68)

Shí nék’eesinilí shee hólǫ́ǫgo t’éiyá bee ’eesh’į́.

1-me glasses 3-there exist.NI with only 3-with1-see.N(Prpg:??)
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I can only see with my glasses. (YM 1987:367)

Shí shidá’ák’eh níhígíí bilááh ’áhoníłtéél.

1 1 cornfield 2 COMP 3-wider areal-wide.NI
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My field is wider than yours.

Shíká ’anilyeed, Obi-Wan Kenobi.

1-for 2-run.F Obi-Wan Kenob

Shínaaí chidí bił dah diilwodgo bizánághah góne’ łeezh ’adzíísi’.

older.brother car 3-with up 3-run.I-GO 3-around areal-in dust 3-trail.P
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When my older brother started off in the car he left a trail of dust around the corner. (YM 1987:114)

Shínaaí shikétł’á ’iiyilgo łį́į́’ bikáá’ hasis’na’.

1-older brother 1-foot-botton 3-3-push.P-GO horse 3-top up-1-crawl.P
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My older brother boosted me and I got up on the horse’s back. (YM 1987:482)

Shd’ łé’é yázhí shee hazl’.

summer-past pony 1-with 3-become.P
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I got a pony last summer, I acquired a pony last summer. (YM 1987:410)

T’áá ’aaníígóó shił hodoonih bíniiká na’ídíshkid.

truth 1-with 3-tell O 3-against 3-1-question. I
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I’m asking questions (against him) to get him to tell the truth. (YM 1987:241)

T’áá ch’ééh ’ásht’į́įgo bįįh biyaaghah ’eelwod.

just in.vain 1-act.NI-GO deer 3-around.corner 3- run.away.P
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I was still trying (to get a bead) when the deer went around a corner and disappeared. (YM 1987:258)

t’ááłáhádi neeznádiin dóó ba’aan táá’

one hundred and 3-beyond three

T’íís Ts’ózídí shicheii bidááh niyá.

Crownpoint.at 1-grandfather 3-meet 1-walk.P
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I met my grandfather at Crownpoint.

Tooh ńlínigíí t’óó bááłk’iis yisháałgo shee ’i’íí’ą́.

river merely 3-alongside 1-walk.Prog 1-with evening time
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I spent the day walking alongside the river. (YM 1987:2)

Tó bee naat’ahí yę́ę bitł’áahdi yiichxii’ lá.

water canteen past 3-bottom-di 3-rust.P DISC
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The water canteen has gotten rusty on the bottom. (YM 1987:251)

Tó diłhił bá hooghan góne’ sáanii ’ałk’iijée’go hááhgóóshį́į́ jó shí da ’adadanishchidgo sédá.

bar 3-at women RECIP-3-fight.P-GO very instead 1-flinch.I-GO 1-sit.P
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When the women got into a fight in the bar I really had to protect myself as I sat there. (YM 1987:7)

Tó Haach’i’dę́ę́’ ’ííyisíí naashá.

Tohatchi-from truly 1-go.CI

Ts’aa’ wolyéhę́ę k’ad t’áá ’íiyisíí bídin hóyéé’.

basket 3-call.NI-past now really 3-without HO-lack.NI
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There’s a real scarcity of traditional baskets now. (YM 1987:458)

Tsékooh biniit’aají łįį’hoł sizį́į́go binísá.

canyon 3-barring.to.a.point horse 4-with 3-stand.SPN.GO 3-1-caught-up.P
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I caught up with him sitting on his horse at the canyon. (YM 1987:245)

Tsékooh góyaa tł’óół bee ’adanásh’nah.

canyon areal-down 3-with 1-climb.down.R
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I climb down into the canyon with a rope. (YM 1987:11)

Tsin níbaal yíyah ’ada’atsih.

post tent 3-under 3-3-set posts.I
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S/he is setting up posts under the tent to support it.

Tł’óół tsin bigaan binah dah sélá.

rope stick arm 2-against up 3-1-hung.P
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I hung the rope over the tree limb. (YM 1987g:32)

Yadiizíní bitł’ááhdę́ę́’ bigháda’shéshiizh.

can 3-bottom-from 3-through-SUP-1-poke.P
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I poked holes in the bottom of the can. (YM 1987:186)

Łį́į́’ áhidiníłnáago sizí.

Refl-3-3-opposite-GO 3-du-stand.SPN
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The horses stand facing in opposite directions. (YM 1987g:29)