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Dibé bighan báátis dah yiishte’.

Sheep corral 3-over up 1-climb.P

I climbed over the sheep corral.

’Adeesdíilgo dibé sits’ą́ą́’ dah diijéé’.

3-thunder.P-GO sheep 1-away-from start-3-run.Pl.P
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When thunder rumbled the sheep stampeded on me, ran away from me. (YM 1987:18)

’Ałk’idą́ą́’ Naayéé’ Neizghání ha’a’aahjigo ’atsiniltł’ish bił dah yizdéél jiní.

long.ago Monster Slayer east-to lightning 3-with up 3-move.SFO.P 4-say
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It is said that long ago Monster Slayer was carried away eastward by lightning. (YM 1987:758)

’Ałk’idą́ą́’ shimá bił na’nishkaadgo ’aghaa’ yisdizgo dibé yázhí yichíihgo yizéénéíłt’ih.

long ago 1-mother 3-with SUP-1-herd.I-GO wool 3-spin.P-GO lamb 3-birth.P 3-neck-around-3-tie.P
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Long ago, while herding sheep with my mother, she used to tie a yarn around the newborn lamb’s neck.

’Ákǫ́ǫ́ shił díí’ash.

there 1-with 2sg-go.du.F
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You will go there with me.

’Ííshją́ díí ’atoo’ béésh bii’ kǫ’í bikáá’ dah séką́.

don’t forget this stew stove 3-top up 1-put.P.OC
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Don’t forget that I put the stew on the stove. (YM 1987:482)

’Ólta’di ’áłchíní binaashii sédáago ’ííníshta’.

school-at children 3-across.from 1-sit.SNP 3-read.NI
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I am reading facing the children at school.

-ááłk’iis

-ąąh

-ch’ą́ą́h

-dą́ą́’

past time, also used in conditionals, marking the antecedent

-dę́ę́’

listenloadingplaying

from a general location or point in space or time (also out of, off of)

-ę́ę+-dą́ą́’ (yę́ędą́ą́’)

-ghą́ą́h

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attaching to, hitched to, connected to

-k’ą́ą́h

-kéé’

-zánághah

Aadę́ę́’ hoołtį́į́ł.

there-from 3s-rain.Prog

Adą́ą́dą́ą́’ shá bíighah ’atah ’adishdiłgo ’i’íí’ą́.

yesterday 1-for 3-passing down 1-play.stick.dice.RI evening
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I spent the day yesterday taking part in a stick dice game.

Adą́ą́dą́ą́’ shichidí tsé bik’ą́ą́h yíłbą́ą́z.

yesterday 1-car rock 3-against 3-run.P
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I ran my car against a rock yesterday. (YM 1987:770)

Adeesdíilgo dibé sits’ą́ą́’ dah diijéé’.

3-thunder.P-GO sheep 1-away-from start-3-run.Pl.P

All of the territories of Britain put together is larger than the United States. (YM 1987:67)

Aná’ázt’i’ ńtłóo’go biniinaa béégashii t’óó yigháńdaakah.

fence 3-loose.P-GO 3-because.of cow just 3-through-3-go.pl.P
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Because the fence is slack (loose), the cows go right through it. (YM 1987:678)

Atiin bąąhgóó béésh halne’é tsin bá ’adaaz’á.

road 3-along side telephone pole 3-for 3Pl-stand.upright.SPN

The telephones are upright along the road for the phone line. (YM 1987:12)

Ayóo łį́į́’ shił naalgeed diní, ’ííshją́ą́shį́į́ díí łį́į́chogii bikáá’ dah ńdaah!

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You said you’re good at riding broncos; let’s see you get on this stallion! (YM 1987:482)

Ałk’ésdisí naháłnii’go sitsilí dóó shideezhí ’aheełt’éego bá ’ahá níjaa’.

candy 3-1-buy.CI-GO 1-little.brother and 1-little.sister 3-1 split-GO.I 3-for 3-1 gave.I
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I divided the candy I bought equally between my little brother and sister.

Ałk’idą́ą́’ Diné bikéyah bikáa’gi łį́į́’ bichąą bíighahgo tł’oh deíl’áá ńt’éé’ jiní.

long.ago Navajo.land 3-upon-at horse 3-belly sufficient-GO Pl-3-extend.out.of.sight.SNP hearsay
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They say that long ago the grass in the Navajo country was as high as a horse’s belly. (YM 1987:6)

ááłk’iis

Béégashii yáázh bichá ninish’aah.

calf 3-bunch 3-1-put.I.SRO

Béésh ’áłts’ózí bee ’atsidí bee ’aháníłne’.

wire hammer 3-with 3-1-beat.P
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I beat the wire in two with a hammer. (YM 1987:41)

Bilagáana ła’ níhit’ááh dookah jiní.

Anglo some 1Pl-close.to 3-go.Pl.F 4-say.NI
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It is said that some white people will move in with us. (YM 1987:251)

Ch’é’étiingóó naanéhígíí shił bééhózin.

entrance-along 3-play.I-COMP 1-with 3-know.NI
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I know that he is playing by the entrance.

Chidí bąąh dah sitání bąąh dah shishtįįh ńt’éé’ ’ił adaagizí doo ’éí da lá.

car license plate 3-1-put. I SSO past Sup-with screw neg that neg Disc.
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I started to put the license plate on my car when I found out I had the wrong kind of nut and bolt (or screws). (YM 1987:48)

Chidí naa’na’í ’ayóo bídin nishłį́.

tractor really 3-without 1-be.NI
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I really want a tractor. (YM 1987:661)

Chidí naat’a’í nihił dah diit’a’.

airplane 1dpl-with up 3-fly.P
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The plane took off with us.

Damóo yę́ędą́ą́’ dziłghą́ą́’dę́ę́’ shádí dóó ba’áłchíní bił ’adaashkai.

sunday past-time mountain top.of-from 1-elder.sister and 3-children 3-with downward-1-go.Pl.P
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Last Sunday I accompanied my older sister and her family down from the mountaintop. (YM 1987:11)

Dibé doo deeghánígóó ’ałkéé’ ’adíítąądgo hooghanjį’ náákah.

sheep neg long.distance-neg-GO following.behind 3-in.a.line.NP-GO home-up.to return.go.I
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The sheep were strung out a long ways, one behind the other, as they headed home. (YM 1987:33)

Dibé yázhí ła’ yóó’ ’ííyáá ńt’éé’ tsiyi’di bik’íníyá.

lamb one away 3-go.P past forest-at 3-find.it.P
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A lamb got lost but I found it in the woods. (YM 1987:740)

Dichin bik’ee doo bííchįįd da.

hunger 3-account neg 3-become.hopeless.P neg
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On account of famine conditions have become hopeless. (YM 1987:170)

Díí hastiin tł’ééjí hataałgo bee béého’ doolzįįd.

This man became famous as a Night Chant singer. (YM 1987:110)

Doo ’ííłta’go biniinaa t’áá ’ałtsojį’ t’áá shídin hazlį́į́’.

neg 1-go.to.school.P-GO 3-because every-up.to just 1-without 1-become.P
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I got left out on everything because I did not go to school. (YM 1987:410)

Dził bit’ááhgi bįįh halzheeh.

Mountain 3-close.to-at deer 3-3-hunting.CI
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He’s deer hunting over near the mountain. (YM 1987g:33)

Gah bikéé’ yishwoł.

rabbit 3-following 1-chase.Prog
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I was chasing a rabbit. (YM 1987:279)

Ha’ąądi dibé bighan.

areal-other.side sheep 3-corral
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The sheep corral is on the other side (of the hill). (YM 1987:145)

Haidą́ą́’ ’a’áán góne’ naashnish ńt’éé’ --- doo shił yá’áhoot’éeh da.

winter-past mine.shaft 1-work.I past neg 1-with 3-good.N neg
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I worked in the mine (shaft) last year and I didn’t like it. (YM 1987:84)

Hak’az ’ayóo bich’į’ sidziil.

cold really 3-towards 1-strength
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I can withstand a lot of cold. (YM 1987:185)

John dáádílkałdóó sizį́į́ dóó ’áádę́ę́’ déez’į́į́’.

John door-from 3-stand.SPN and there-from 3-look.CI
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John is standing at the doorway and looking this way. (YM 1987:1)

K’ad cháshk’eh góyaa tó de ’anool’ąął.

now wash down water up 3-rise.Prog
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The water’s rising now down in the wash. (YM 1987:122)

K’adę́ę ’ałné’e’áahgo díchin bik’ee shitah ’anahodí’niitłi’.

now noon hunger 3-account 1-among 1-shake.R
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When it is nearly noon, I get shaky from hunger. (YM 1987:71)

K’os jóhonaa’eí yich’ą́ą́h ’i’ííjool.

cloud sun 3-protect 3-drift.P
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A cloud moved in front of the sun. (YM 1987:362)

Kintah góyaa yishááł ńt’éé’ béeso ńdiiłtsooz

areal-down 1goProg pastmoney 3-1 pick FFO. p
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I was walking down the street when I found a dollar bill. (YM 1987:496)

Kintahdę́ę́’ łį́į́’ shił naaldlosh.

town-from horse 1-with 3-run.CI
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I’m riding back from town on horseback.

Mary łį́į́’ bił yá’át’ééh.

Mary horse 3-with 3-good.NI

Mą’iitsoh shik’iilwodgo tsékooh góyaa bidááłgo’.

wolf 1-3-attack-COMP canyon areal-down 3-1-push.P
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When the wolf attacked me I pushed him down into the canyon. (YM 1987:176)

Mósí yázhí bímá yits’ą́ą́’ yóo’ííyá.

kitten 2-mother 3-from away-3-go.P
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The kitten got lost from its mother.

Na’nízhoozhídę́ę́’ shíká bił ’oolwoł.

Gallup 1-for 3-with 3-drive.I
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S/he is driving from Gallup to get me.

Na’nízhoozhídą́ą́’ shíká bił ’oolwoł.

Gallup 1-for 3-with 3-drive.I
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S/he is driving from Gallup to get me.

Naashnéego jooł báátis yímááz.

1-play-go.CI ball over 3-roll.P
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As I was playing I rolled over the ball. (YM 1987:771)

Naat’áanii bich’į’ yáshti’.

leader 3-toward 1-talk.I

I’m talking to the leader.

Nédáá dóó bikáá’adání bik’i ndinís’eez.

1-sit and table 3-on 1-place-1-foot.P
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I sat down and put my feet on the table. (YM 1987:608)

Nimá yázhí bighangóó díílwoł dóó ’áájí ’awéé’ baa ’áhólyą́ą dooleeł.

your aunt 3-house-to 2-run-and that-way baby 3-for 2-care.Fut
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Go to your aunt’s house and take care of the baby over there. (YM 1987:1)

Ólta’di ndeii’néego ’ashkii ła’ kin bizánághahdę́ę́’ shich’į’ ch’élwodgo bił ’ahídégoh.

school-at 1pl-play.I-GO boy some building-3-around-from 1-to out-3-run.P-GO 3-with 3-1-collide.P
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When we were playing at school a boy came running at me around the corner of the building and I collided with him. (YM 1987:57)

Sáanii ’éétsoh bi’oh ’ádaníłtso.

women coat 3-less.than indef-Pl-3.size.N
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The coats are too small for the women.

Sha’ałchíní béeso ’ashladiin baa nínil ńt’éé’ t’ááła’ajį́ ’ałtso yibadooskai.

1-children money 50 3-for 2-put.PlO.P past at-once all 3-3-exhaust.P
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I gave my children fifty dollars and they went through it in a single day.

Sháahsita’gi yihę́ęsgo tsin-ts’ósí bee yích’id.

1-point.between.shoulder.blades 3-itch.I-GO stick 3-with 3-1-scratch.P
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When I got an itch between my shoulder blades, I scratched it with a stick. (YM 1987:1)

Sháahsita’gi yihę́ęsgo tsin-ts’ósí bee yích’id.

1-point.between.shoulder.blades 3-itch.I-GO stick 3-with 3-1-scratch.P
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When I got an itch between my shoulder blades, I scratched it with a stick. (YM 1987:1)

Shichá si’ą́ągo ’iiłhaazh.

1-huddle 3-put-SPN-GO 1-sleep.P
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I went to sleep huddled up into a ball. (YM 1987g:29)

Shicheii hastą́diin nááhai yilááhdę́ę́’ ’aníłdįįd.

1-grandfather sixty years 3-beyond-from 3-3-survive.P
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My grandfather lived more than sixty years. (YM 1987:116)

Shidá’í dóola yilááh ’ábóodziil jiní.

1-Uncle bull 3-greater 3-strong.NI 4-say.P
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It is said that my uncle is stronger than a bull. (YM 1987:6)

Shidá’í tsékooh góyaa bił ’adáá’áázh.

1-uncle canyon areal-down 3-with 1.go.dual.P
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I went down in the canyon with my uncle. (YM 1987:11)

Shighan bich’ą́ą́h łeeshch’ih désas.

1-hogan 3-protect ashes 3-1-strew.P
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I strewed ashes to protect my hogan. (YM 1987:332)

Shighandóó ha’a’aahjígo ’ahidiildzis dóó ’ákóyaa bida’atiin.

1-house-from east-to-GO join-together-canyons and there-down 3-off-road
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Eastward from my place the canyons converge, there’s a trail down there. (YM 1987:57)

Shighandóó ndáá’góó ’ada’iisdee’go nihí ’éí t’áá yiike’.

1-home-from war.ceremony-to 3-go.away.P we.du.pl TOP just 1du-remain.behind.P
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When everyone from my home went away to attend the Squaw Dance, we stayed behind. (YM 1987:10)

Shighandóó ndáá’góó ’ada’iisdee’go nihí ’éí t’áá yiike’.

1-home-from war.ceremony-to 3-go.away.P we.du.pl TOP just 1du-remain.behind.P
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When everyone from my home went away to attend the Squaw Dance, we stayed behind. (YM 1987:10)

Shilééch’ąą’í bits’ąą ńdínésht’į́į́’.

1-dog 3-away.from 1-hide.P
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I hid from my dog. (YM 1987:257)

Shilééchąą yázhi shikéé’ yildlosh ńt’éé’ hashtł’ish yiih yildloozh.

1-dog little 1-behind 3-walk.Prog past mud 3-into 3-walk.P
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My puppy went into the mud as he trotted along behind me. (YM 1987:761)

Shilééchąą’í sitsijį’ yiłwoł.

1-dog 1-ahead-to 3-run.I

My dog is running along ahead of me. (YM 1987:252)

Shilééchąą yázhi shikéé’ yildlosh ńt’éé’ hashtł’ish yiih yildloozh.

1-dog little 1-behind 3-walk.Prog past mud 3-into 3-walk.P
listenloadingplaying

My puppy went into the mud as he trotted along behind me. (YM 1987:761)

Shimá sání t’áá shídin ’íiya.

listenloadingplaying

My grandmother went away without me. (YM 1987:713)

Shiye’ éí naaki béeso yideená shichidí yésį́.

1-son TOP two money 3-exchange.for 1-car 3-stand.SPN
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My son is standing, guarding my car for two dollars. (YM 1987:245)

Shizhé’é bitsą́ądi haashį́į́ yidzaago tł’óó’góó yik’ee naalyiish.

1-father 3-stomach-at something 3-happen.P-GO outside-toward 3-account 2-bend/stoop.CI
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My father is going around outside stooped (and holding his stomach) because something happened to it.

Shí nék’eesinilí shee hólǫ́ǫgo t’éiyá bee ’eesh’į́.

1-me glasses 3-there exist.NI with only 3-with1-see.N(Prpg:??)
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I can only see with my glasses. (YM 1987:367)

Shí shighan nihígíí bilááh ’áhoníltso.

1 1-house 2-Comp 3-bigger areal-big.NI
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My house is more spacious than yours. (YM 1987:73)

Shínaaí shikétł’á ’iiyilgo łį́į́’ bikáá’ hasis’na’.

1-older brother 1-foot-botton 3-3-push.P-GO horse 3-top up-1-crawl.P

My older brother boosted me and I got up on the horse’s back. (YM 1987:482)

T’áá ’aaníígóó shił hodoonih bíniiká na’ídíshkid.

truth 1-with 3-tell O 3-against 3-1-question. I
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I’m asking questions (against him) to get him to tell the truth. (YM 1987:241)

T’áá ’ałkéé’ ’azee’ííł’íní bił yah ’adahaadzá.

just one-behind-another doctor 3-with 3-in 1Dist-4-go.I
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We went one at a time to see the doctor.

T’áá ch’ééh ’ásht’į́įgo bįįh biyaaghah ’eelwod.

just in.vain 1-act.NI-GO deer 3-around.corner 3- run.away.P
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I was still trying (to get a bead) when the deer went around a corner and disappeared. (YM 1987:258)

T’áá ní’áłtsé hoghandi nánísdzá.

thus you first home-at 1-arrived.Rev. P
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I got home before you did.

Tózis biníká dínísh’į́į́’.

bottle 3-through 1-look.X
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I’m looking through the glass bottle. (YM 1987:234)

Ts’aa’ wolyéhę́ę k’ad t’áá ’íiyisíí bídin hóyéé’.

basket 3-call.NI-past now really 3-without HO-lack.NI

There’s a real scarcity of traditional baskets now. (YM 1987:458)

Tsékooh biniit’aají łįį’hoł sizį́į́go binísá.

canyon 3-barring.to.a.point horse 4-with 3-stand.SPN.GO 3-1-caught-up.P
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I caught up with him sitting on his horse at the canyon. (YM 1987:245)

Tsékooh biniit’aají́ łįį’hoł sizį́į́go binísá.

canyon barring-t-a-point horse 4-with 3-stand.SPN.GO 3-1-caought-up.P

I caught up with him sitting on his horse at the canyon. (YM 1987:245)

Tsékooh góyaa shilééchąą’í hadah (’adah, bidah) ’abikéé’.

canyon areal-down 1-dog areal-down 3-trail-out:NI
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My dog’s tracks lead down into the canyon. (YM 1987:5)

Tsékooh góyaa tł’óół bee ’adanásh’nah.

canyon areal-down 3-with 1-climb.down.R
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I climb down into the canyon with a rope. (YM 1987:11)

Tsinaabąąs bikáádę́ę́’ ’adaashááh nt’éé shitł’aakał ’íízǫ́ǫ́z.

wagon 3-from downward-1-go.I past 1-skirt 3o-1-tear.P
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I ripped my skirt as I was getting down from the wagon. (YM 1987:11)

Tł’éédą́á’ dibé ch’íníjéé’ yiists’ą́ą́’ ’áádóó t’óó ńléí tsé deez’áhí bizánághah góne’ ’ahosoolts’ą́ą́’.

last.night sheep out-3-run-Pl.P 3-sound.P and then merely there rock point 3-around areal-in out-are
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Last night the sheep got out of the corral and the sound they made disappeared around the point of the ridge. (YM 1987:73)

Tł’éédą́ą́’ mą’ii léí’ shidááh gónaa ch’élwod.

last-night coyote there 1-before areal-around 3-move-rapidly.P
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Last night a coyote crossed my path. (YM 1987:278)

Tł’éédą́ą́’ ńléí dził bine’jí ’adildííl yiits’a’ ni’.

night-past there mountain 3-behind-way thunder 3-sound.P recall
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Last night there was the rumble of thunder over on the other side of the mountain. (YM 1987:18)

Tł’óół tsin bigaan binah dah sélá.

rope stick arm 2-against up 3-1-hung.P
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I hung the rope over the tree limb. (YM 1987g:32)

Yadiizíní bitł’ááhdę́ę́’ bigháda’shéshiizh.

can 3-bottom-from 3-through-SUP-1-poke.P
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I poked holes in the bottom of the can. (YM 1987:186)

Yas Niłt’ees bini góne’ yas dajiłhį́į́h.

January 3-in 3-into snow Pl.4-melt.I
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In January you melt snow.