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xa[x:a]

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how

Xa caniiny?[x:a cannìi’-ihny]

What’s happening? (rev. idiom)

Xa caniny ladi?[x:a cannìi’ny làadih ?]

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How are things over there?

xa mod[x:a mo’od]

how, in what way

xa mod na ___[x:a mo’od nàa ___]

what is ___ like?

Xa modi?[x:a mo’odih]

How is that?

Xa nu belu?[x:a nu’uh bèe’llùu’ ?]

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How is your sister? (used when talking to a female)

Xa nu belu?[x:a nu’uh bèe’llùu’ ?]

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How is your sister? (used when talking to a female)

Xa nu betsu?[x:a nu’uh be’tsùu’ ?]

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How is your brother? (used when talking to a male)

Xa nu betsu?[x:a nu’uh be’tsùu’ ?]

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How is your brother? (used when talking to a male)

Xa nu bzyanu?[x:a nu’uh bzyaàa’nùu’ ?]

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How is your sister? (used when talking to a male)

Xa nu bzyanu?[x:a nu’uh bzyaàa’nùu’ ?]

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How is your brother? (used when talking to a female)

Xa nu bzyanu?[x:a nu’uh bzyaàa’nùu’ ?]

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How is your sister? (used when talking to a male)

Xa nu bzyanu?[x:a nu’uh bzyaàa’nùu’ ?]

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How is your brother? (used when talking to a female)

Xa nu xnanu?[x:a nu’uh x:nna’anùu’ ?]

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How is your mother?

Xa nu xnanu?[x:a nu’uh x:nna’anùu’ ?]

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How is your mother?

Xa nu xtadu?[x:a nu’uh x:ta’adùu’ ?]

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How is your father?

Xa nu xtadu?[x:a nu’uh x:ta’adùu’ ?]

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How is your father?

Xa nu zhinyu?[x:a nu’uh zhìi’inyùu’ ?]

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How is your child?

Xa nu zhinyu?[x:a nu’uh zhìi’inyùu’ ?]

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How is your child?

Xa nuu?[x:a nu’-ùu’ ?]

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How are you?

Xa nuu?[x:a nu’-ùu’ ?]

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How are you?

Xa nuyu?[x:a nu’yuu’ ?]

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How are you? (formal)

Xa nuyu?[x:a nu’yuu’ ?]

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How are you? (formal)

xa rni buny ra dizh[x:a rnììi’ bùunny ra dìi’zh]

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pronunciation guide (how people say the words)

Xa rriloyu?[x:a rrillohyuu’ ?]

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What do you think?

Xa zuiny?[What’s happening? (rev. idiom)]

Xa zuny ladi?[x:a zuuny làadih ?]

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How are things over there?

xab[x:ahb]

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clothes; bark (of a tree)

xag[x:ahg]

cheek (e-poss. only)

Xandan[Xanndaan]

1. Sainte Anne, Santa Ana 2. Santa Ana del Valle

xban[x:bààa’n]

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tail

xchi[xchihih]

a long time, for a long time

xchyap[x:chàa’p]

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girlfriend

xdadëng[x:daadëng]

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his dicepossessed noun

xga[x:gàa]

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wing, fin (e-poss. only)

xi[xiìi’]

about, approximately

xi[xi]

what

Xi cayunyyu re?[xi cayuhnyyuu’ rèe’ ?]

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What are you doing here?

Xi dibuj xten nde?[xi dibu’j x:tèe’n ndèe’ ?]

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What is this a picture of?

xi ni[xi ni’ih]

why

Xi rrilo liu?[xi rriloh lìu]

What do you think?

xi tyem[xi tye’emm]

there’s no time

Xi yquinyyu na?[xi yquììi’nyyuu’ nah?]

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So what are you going to eat?

xi zicydi[xi zi’ihcydi’]

1. how much 2. how long 3. how old

xiahzh[ziahzh:]

what?! (introduces a disbelieving question)

Xiazh, queity rgweyu Dizhtily e?[xiahzh:, que’ity rgwèèe’yuu’ Dìi’zhtiilly èee?]

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What, you don’t speak Spanish?

xiëru[xiëru’]

what else

xiëru zalo ra dizh[xiëru’ zalloh ra dìi’zh]]

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notes about the vocabulary

xii[xi’ìi’]

what it (distal. is, what is it (distal)

xluan[x:lu’ahnn]

brother-in-aw (e-poss. only)

Xlyen[X:lye’enn]

Ash Wednesday

xlyia[x:lyiàa’]

fever

xlyiayas[x:lyiàa’yàa’as]

black fever

xlyiayats[x:lyiàa’yaàa’ts]

yellow fever

xmam[x:ma’mm]

grandparent

(Spanish) abuelo, abuela

xman[xmaan]

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weeknoun

Xmansan[Xmahnsa’ann]

Easter, Holy Week

xnan[x:nnàaan]

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mother of (someone)

xnan baly[x:nna’an baaly]

godmother (e-poss. only)

xnan bieda[x:nna’an bieda’]

my revered madam (respectful term of address used to a woman)

xnan bieda xnan wzana[x:nna’an bieda’ x:nna’an wzàana’]

my very revered madam (extremely respectful term of address used to a woman)

xnanmam[x:nna’anma’mm]

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grandmother (e-poss. only)

xnia[xniaa]

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redadjective

(Spanish) rojo

xon[x:òon]

xon
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eight

xop[x:òp]

xop
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six

xorni, xyorni[xoorni’, xyoorni’]

What time is it?

(Spanish) Qué hora es?

xpangual[x:panguual]

husband, father (casual)

xpart[x:pa’rt]

1. share, portion (e-poss. only) 2. in place of, on behalf of, instead of

xquepy[x:quèe’py]

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bellybutton, navel (possessed form)

xquets[[x:quèe’ts]

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kidney, gizzard (e-poss. only)

xquiny[x:quiiny]

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cornernoun

xtad[x:ta’ad]

father

(Spanish) padre

xtad bieda[x:ta’ad bieda’]

my revered sir (respectful term of addressed used to a man)

xtad bieda xtad wzana[x:ta’ad bieda’ x:ta’ad wzàana’]

my very revered sir (extremely respectful term of address used to a man)

xtad mbaly[x:ta’ad mbaaly]

godfather (e-poss. only)

xtadambaly[x:ta’adambaaly]

compadre

xtadmam[x:ta’adma’mm]

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grandfather (e-poss. only)

xte[x:tèe’]

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of

xte buny duax lo[x:tèe’ bùunny dùa’x loh]

evil eye sickness

xten[x:tèe’n]

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1. of 2. (used in possessed noun phrases) 3. (possession)

xti[x:tìi’ih]

handle (on pottery)

xtiazh[xtiaazh]

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garlicnoun

xtubily[x:tubi’iilly]

elbow (e-poss. only)

xtuxman[x:tuhxmaan]

next week, another week

Xtyozën laad[x:tyoozëhnn làa’-ahd]

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Thank you (used when talking to more than one person)

Xtyozën liu[x:tyoozëhnn lìu’]

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Thank you

Xtyozën yëbu[x:tyoozëhnn yëbu’uu’]

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Thank you (formal)

Xtyozën yu[x:tyoozëhnn yu’uu’]

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Thank you (formal)

Xtyozën yuad[x:tyoozëhnn yùad]

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Thank you (form. used when talking to more than one person)

xyecw[x:yèe’cw]

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dog (e-poss. only)

xyes[x:ye’ehs]

sister-in-law (e-poss only)