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a [àaa’]

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yes

(Spanish)

a[àaa’]

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yes

a

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already, now

(Spanish) ya, ahora

a

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question marker

(Spanish) marcador de pregunta

a[àa’]

1. so; 2. what about?

A – uas joz rgwezacyu Dizhsa![àaa – ua’s jo’oz rgwèe’za’cyuu’ Dìi’zhsah !]

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Ah – you speak Zapotec very well!

a bai[a ba’i]

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all right, okay

(Spanish) bueno, está bien

a bdau[a bda’ áu]

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be shut

(Spanish) está cerrado

a bgyac[a bgya’ahc]

long time ago

a bgyuzh[a bgyúu’zh]

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be rotten

(Spanish) estár podrido

a bro[a bròo’oh]

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be big

(Spanish) estár grande

a btaad[a btáad]

be wrinkled

(Spanish) está arrugado

a bya[a byaá]

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be clean

(Spanish) está limpio

a byety[a byée’ty]

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be crooked, be bent

(Spanish) está torcido

a byux[a byùu’x]

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be old

(Spanish) estár viejo

a byuzhy[a byu’uhuhzhy]

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be old, be worn out

(Spanish) es viejo

a bza[a bzah ]

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be back, be returned

(Spanish) está de regreso

a bzhich[a bzhi’ch]

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be mad

(Spanish) está enojado

a bzhiia, a wzhiia[a bzhììa’, a wzhììa’]

less

(Spanish) menos

a bzhilo[a bzhiloh]

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will not, will fail to

(Spanish) no hacer algo

a bzhiu[abzh:ìu’]

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be burned, get burned

(Spanish) está quemado

a bzhya[a bzhyah, a wzhyah]

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be full

(Spanish) está lleno

a bzhya roo ni[a bzhyha’ròo’ni’]

be late morning

(Spanish) es tarde en la mañana

a bzhyag[a bzhyah’ahg]

be tired

(Spanish) está cansado

a bzuahz[a bzùahz]

be drunk

(Spanish) está ebrio

a cwa[a cwah]

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be overly dependent on

(Spanish) depende demasiado de (algo)

a deser[a dehseer]

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must

(Spanish) debe

A fot cabeyu buas.[àa’ fo’t cabee’ehyuu’ buahs]

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So you’re taking pictures, then.

a gual[a gu’ahll]

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be mature, be adult

(Spanish) es maduro, es adulto

a gual[a gùa’ll]

be just about to, be ready to, it’s time to

(Spanish) está a punto de, está a punto de

a gual ynazën camyuny

It’s time for us to catch the bus

(Spanish) Es hora de tomar el camión

a guc[a guhc]

1. for (time phrase); 2. (time phrase) ago

(Spanish) 1. durante, por (tiempo); 2. hace (tiempo)

a guc chon iaz ni

three years ago

(Spanish) hace tres años

a guc tsë iaz

for ten years

(Spanish) durante diez años, por diez años

A guc tuxman bzenya.[a guhc tuhxmaan bze’ennya’]

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I arrived a week ago.

a guc xchi[a guhc x:chih]

a long time ago

(Spanish) hace mucho tiempo

a guc xchidani[a guhc x:chihdaàa’nih]

that’s a really long time ago

(Spanish) hace mucho tiempo

a gucgan[a guhcgaan]

finally

(Spanish) por fin, finalmente

a guty[a guhty]

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be dead

(Spanish) estár muerto

a mer[a meer]

almost, about to

(Spanish) casi, estar a punto de

a mer yriaëng gyiedëng cuan ra mniny

she is about to leave, she’ll come with the kids

(Spanish) ella está a punto de irse, va a venir con los niños

a na[a nàa]

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be done something enough

(Spanish) ha (hecho algo)

a na las[a nàa lahs]

be (one, two three..) o’clock

(Spanish) es la una, son las tres

A nax a bzeny![a nnahx a bzehnny!]

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The chocolate has arrived!

a ra ahl[a ra’ahl]

does something well

(Spanish) hace algo bien

a re[a rèe]

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here

(Spanish) aquí está

a rzhinyni[a razh:ihni’]

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it’s getting late

(Spanish) se está haciendo tarde

a wbiaz[a wbihahz]

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be empty of liquid or gas

(Spanish) estar vacío de un líquido o gas

a wbihahz lainyi[a wbihahz láa’iny]

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have no liquid in it

(Spanish) no tener liquido

a wdeidy[a wdèèi’dy]

(time) has passed

(Spanish) (el tiempo) ha pasado

a wdeidy chon beu

three months has passed, three months later

(Spanish) tres meses han pasado, tres meses después

a wguily[a wguìi’lly]

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a lot of (liquid or gas)

(Spanish) mucho (dícese de un líquido o gas)

a wranti[a brahnti’, a wrahnnti, a wrahnntya’]

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at this time, at that time

(Spanish) a esta hora

a wyac[a wya’ahc]

long ago, a long time ago

(Spanish) hace mucho tiempo

a wzhya

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be full

(Spanish) está lleno

A zaa buas.[a za’a’ buahs]

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Well, I’ve got to go.

A zaa!

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I’m going!, Good-bye!

(Spanish) ¡Ya me voy!, ¡Adiós!

a zicy[a zi’cy]

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oh yeah?, so what?

(Spanish) ¿Y qué?, ¿Y qué importa?, ¿Y eso qué?

A zoën!

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We’re going now! Goodbye!

(Spanish) Ya nos vamos! Adiós!

A, rgweyu Dizhsa![àa’, rgwèe’yuu’ Dìi’zhsah !]

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So, you speak Zapotec!

aazh[àa-ahzh:]

he, she; him, her (familiar)

(Spanish) él, ella; a él, a ella; lo, la (familiar)

adi[aadi’]

has not yet

(Spanish) tadavía no

ady[aady]

not yet

(Spanish) todavía no

ady a nanu[aady a nàannùu’]

as you (informal) know

(Spanish) como sabes

ady ycaa buny

I’m not married yet, I haven’t gotten married yet

(Spanish) todavía no estoy casado/casada, todavía no me he casado

Adya gaui.

I haven’t eaten it.

aëb[àa-ëhb]

he, she; him, her (respectful)

(Spanish) él, ella; a él, a ella; lo, la (respetuoso)

aëm[a’-ëhmm]

he, she, it; him, her, it (animal)

(Spanish) él, ella; a él, a ella; lo, la (animal)

aëng[a’a-ënng]

he, she, it; him, her, it (proximate)

(Spanish) él, ella; a él, a ella; lo, la (inmediato)

ai bsedya[a’ài’ bsèe’dya’]

I learned it, I learned that (see also rseidy)

(Spanish) lo aprendí (eso)

ainy[àa-ihny]

he, she, it; him, her, it (reverential)

(Spanish) él, ella; a él, a ella; lo, la (reverente)

ajy

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yes

(Spanish)

Example: "Rgweu Dizhtily e?" "Ajy, rgwia Dizhtily."

Ajy, caldo de pollo na cald budy.[a’jy caldo de pollo nàa ca’lld bu’uhdy]

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Yes, ’caldo de pollo’ is chicken soup.

Ajy, ryulaza raui.

Yes, I like to eat it.

amiegw[amiiegw]

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friend

anym[a’anym]

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soul

(Spanish) ánima

Anym, queityni yluzhni, queityni gatyni.[A’anym que’ityni’ yluhahzhni’, qu’eityni’ gahtyni’]

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The soul, it does not end, it will not die.

as[a’s]

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hi

(Spanish) hola

As buas. Yzhajan.[a’s buahs. yzhàaja’ann]

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Ok. See you later.

As nia[a’s nniìa’]

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Hey!; Hi there!

(Spanish) Hola!

As, bied!

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hi (to an older woman)

(Spanish) hola (a una señora)

As, buas!

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Ok, then!

(Spanish) ¡Está bien!

As, buny[a’s bùunny]

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Hey there!

As, guale[a’s gùalle’eh]

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Hey, man!

As, gwuale[a’s gwu’alle’eh]

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Hey, man

As, talo!

hi (to your friends)

(Spanish) hola (a los amigos)

As, tiu!

hi (to an older man)

(Spanish) hola (a un señor)

As, tiuewe!

hi (to an older man you know well)

(Spanish) hola (a un señor que conoces bien)

Asy a byulazyui.[a’sy a byu’lààa’zyuu’-ih]

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You’ll like them.

axta na adi ydicaldi xi ni rata ra blali rliu tebloizy

it has not yet come out (up to now) why all those blals look the same

(Spanish) todavía no se ha divulgado por qué esos blales todos se ven iguales

ayudan[ayuda’aann]

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